JAKARTA (XINHUA, AFP) : The death toll from a strong earthquake and floods in the central parts of Indonesia has risen to 96, with nearly 70,000 people forced to flee home and take shelter, the National Disaster Management Agency said on Monday (Jan 18).
A total of 81 people were killed after the 6.2-magnitude quake and the 5.9-magnitude aftershock struck West Sulawesi province last Thursday and Friday, and 15 people were reported dead in South Kalimantan province as floods have hit the province since Jan 14, the agency’s spokesman Raditya Jati said.
The quakes have forced about 28,000 people to take shelter in 25 evacuation centres in West Sulawesi province’s city of Mamuju and district of Majene, while the floods caused nearly 40,000 others to take shelter in South Kalimantan province, Mr Jati said.
The number of houses damaged by the quakes rose to 1,150 units in the district, and five school buildings were also destroyed there, he said.
The assessment of risks of the quakes in the city and district was still going on, Mr Jati said.
Medics battled exhaustion and the risk of Covid-19 as they raced on Monday to treat scores of people injured by the quake.
Red Cross search and rescue teams have also been working around the clock alongside government emergency agencies to locate and help free trapped survivors.
“Their work is… heartbreaking as they have been recovering bodies non-stop over the past three days,” Indonesian Red Cross Secretary General Sudirman Said said.
Masked doctors treated patients with broken limbs and other injuries at a makeshift medical centre set up outside the only one of the city’s hospitals that survived the quake relatively intact.
“The patients keep coming,” operations manager Nurwardi from Mamuju’s West Sulawesi General Hospital, told Agence France-Presse.
“This is the only hospital operating in the city. Many need surgery but we have limited resources and medicine.”
The open-air triage centre was desperately short of staff, and those on hand worked frantically despite the risk of contracting coronavirus.
The hospital was scrambling to open up more rooms for surgery and erect additional tents outside to treat the injured, said the operations manager Nurwardi, who like many Indonesians goes by one name.
But fears that another quake could bring down the building were adding to the challenges.
“Many patients do not want to be treated inside the hospital because they’re worried about another quake,” manager Nurwardi said. “Well, it’s not only them, the medics are…scared of being inside the building too.”
It was still unclear how many people – dead or alive – could still be under mountains of debris, as rescuers rushed to find survivors more than three days after the disaster.
“The physical impact of this earthquake is terrifying, but we must not underestimate the debilitating psychological effect this disaster is having on tens of thousands of people who fled their homes as they are living with the constant threat of another big quake.” said Mr Jan Gelfand, head of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Indonesia Country Office.
The IFRC has contributed 460,000 Swiss Francs (S$690,000) from its disaster relief emergency fund to provide emergency assistance to 20,000 people who have been directly impacted by the earthquake.
Most of the 81 dead were found in Mamuju, but some bodies were also recovered south of the city of 110,000 people in West Sulawesi province.
Last Friday’s tremor triggered panic among residents of the island, which was hit by a 2018 quake-tsunami disaster that killed thousands.
At least 18 people had been pulled out of the rubble alive, including a pair of young sisters, according to official data.
Police began using sniffer dogs to help in the search at a badly damaged hospital, as body bags were filled with recovered corpses.
“There are probably some people still trapped under the rubble,” search and rescue agency spokesman Yusuf Latif said on Monday.
Meanwhile, about 19,000 people left homeless by the quake took refuge at dozens of makeshift shelters – many little more than tarpaulin-covered tents filled with whole families.
They said they were running low on food, blankets and other aid, as emergency supplies were rushed to the hard-hit region.
Many survivors were unable to return to their destroyed homes, or were too scared to go back, fearing a tsunami sparked by aftershocks, common after strong earthquakes.
Fearing an outbreak of coronavirus in the crowded camps, authorities were trying to separate high- and low-risk groups.
Rapid tests will also be applied to them and the shelters for the displaced people will be separated from each other, according to the agency’s head Doni Monardo.
“There will be antigen tests to ensure that the evacuees have not been infected by the Covid-19 virus,” Mr Monardo said.
Worst flooding in 50 years
Meanwhile, in South Kalimantan province, the floods have inundated nearly 25,000 houses, Mr Jati said.
An emergency status has been declared there since Jan 14 and the risk assessment has been undertaken, he added.
The province has been hit by massive floods since Jan 14 after heavy rains pounded the area, according to the agency.
President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo today, Jan. 18, inspected regions affected by severe floods in South Kalimantan, particularly Pekauman subdistrict, East Martapura district, Banjar regency. During the visit, he saw that the regions were still inundated and showered by rain.
As quoted from a written statement by the Presidential Secretariat’s Press, Media, and Information Bureau, the President on Pekauman Bridge gave instructions to relevant officials, including Public Works and Housing Minister Basuki Hadimuljono and National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) Head Doni Monardo.
South Kalimantan Governor Sahbirin Noor and Banjar Regent Khalilurrahman joined the inspection.
At least 15 people have died and nearly 40,000 displaced as the country comes to grip with yet another natural disaster while grappling with surging Covid-19 cases.
Ten cities and regencies in the province battered by heavy rain since earlier this month have been affected. The floods inundated 24,379 houses and forced 39,549 residents out of their homes as at Sunday, said Mr Raditya Jati, spokesman for the Disaster Management Agency, better known locally by its acronym, BNPB.
The President also distributed food packages, ready-to-eat meals, and face masks to a number of residents in the affected areas.
“I would like to express my deep sorrow for the victims who died,” he added.
Severe flooding has also occurred in at least two other provinces.
In Manado, the capital of North Sulawesi province, six people were killed and 500 forced out of their homes in floods and landslides caused by heavy rain and unstable soil conditions as of Monday, the BNPB said. Earlier this month, 36 people were killed in floods and landslides in Sumedang regency, in West Java.
Natural disasters are common in Indonesia, and floods happen yearly during the rainy season, which is expected to continue until mid-February.
Quakes and volcanic eruptions occur frequently in the sprawling archipelago which sits on the intersection of several tectonic plates and within the Pacific Ring of Fire.
In an effort to curb the spread of Covid-19 in the country – the worst-affected in South-east Asia, with more than 917,000 cases and around 26,000 fatalities – rapid tests were carried out at evacuation camps, and vulnerable groups were kept away from young people, a lower-risk group.
On Saturday, Mount Semeru in East Java erupted, sending hot air and ash clouds cascading 4.5km down over its crater. Villagers living on the slopes of the active volcano and near rivers were warned to stay alert as rain could trigger cold lava floods. On Monday, Mount Merapi in Central Java also erupted, releasing steaming hot clouds 1km from the crater.
In response to the catastrophic South Kalimantan floods and devastating Sulawesi quake, the Singapore Red Cross (SRC) has committed an initial $150,000 to support relief and recovery operations. The SRC will be launching a public fund-raising appeal following the double disasters in Indonesia.
Source : AGENCIES / THE STRAITS TIMES / TEMPO